情報知識学会誌, Vol. 4, Vol. 1

情報知識学会誌, 1994, 4(1), 1-3

Introductory Remark for This Special Issue
Shizuo Fujiwara

This special issue holds the papers presented at the 47th Conference and Congress of The International Federation for Information and Documentation,FID,which has been held at the Sonic City Hall of Omiya in October 1994. The Japan Society for Information and Knowledge,JSIK,has worked as one of the sponsoring societies for this meeting,and organized special sessions on the themes of Environmental Safety Control,Environmental Information and Regional Information Managements.

情報知識学会誌, 1994, 4(1), 5-13

Book deterioration - Further need for scientific research
Akio Yasue
National Diet Library, Japan

Resume: Among many library and archives issues, book conservation is one of the fileds where most energetic research efforts have been made over the decades. Nevertheless there remain still several essential problems unanswered. This paper questions general understanding of causes of paper deterioration and emphasizes further need for scientific research.

情報知識学会誌, 1994, 4(1), 15-27

Ecologically Sustainable Industrial Development
Keiki Fujita

Threats to the environment are a common concern shared by developing and industrialized countries. All countries should take effective action to protect and enhance the environment in accordance with their responssibilities and respective capacities. Based on the five year experience as a Director of UNIDO, the author stresses the importance of collaboration and cooperation between Scientists and Industrialists for Ecologically Sustainable Industrial Development. A consensus has emerged in the world's scientific community, that the damage afflicted on the environment by current pattern of energy production and use is the most urgent issue facing today's energy decision makers. A way to alleviate these problems would be through increasing energy efficiency. New technologies, energy efficient technologies, increase of developing countries awareness are described as major tools for attaining Agenda 21. It is imoperative to develop to develop simple and practical methodologies in assessing the impact of technology and in evaluation technology development, transfer and application, where all parameters are taken into consideration, even those of social nature. These assessments are important in transferring and adopting the experience and technologies of industrialized countries to developing countries.

情報知識学会誌, 1994, 4(1), 29-41

A New Method of Acidity Measurement of the Acid Paper
Nobutaka YOSHIKUNI, Tetsuya ENDO, Hiroyuki MORITA, Koichi OGUMA and Shizuo FUJIWARA
Research Institute for Information and Knowledge and Department of Materials Science, Kanagawa University Tsuchiya, Hiratsuka,Kanagawa 259-12, Japan

Resume: Among many library and archives issues, book conservation is one of the fileds where most energetic research efforts have been made over the decades. Nevertheless there remain still several essential problems unanswered. This paper questions general understanding of causes of paper deterioration and emphasizes further need for scientific research.

情報知識学会誌, 1994, 4(1), 43-52

Measurement of the Fluctuation of Structures by Reflection of Laser Beam.I
Chikara AMANO, Yoshinori SUGITANI, Takaya TAKEI, and Shizuo FUJIWARA
Research Institute for Information and Knowledge and Department of Materials Science, Kanagawa University Tsuchiya, Hiratsuka,Kanagawa 259-12, Japan

Measurement and analysis of fluctuations of structural objects are useful for monitoring the condition of these structures. In this paper, We propose a laser beam technique for studying these fluctuations, and report some results of our investigations, including an observation of forced vibration of a refrigerator, rotational frequency of an electric moror, and the appearance of a fluctuation in rotational speed due to fatigue. This technique has also been applied to real structural objects, a resonance of a automobile due to rotation of the engine, and intrinsic vibrations of buildings. Standard techniques used in fluctuation analysis are compared in a detection of an abnormal state of an electric motor. Data processing techniques of higher-orders are tested. Fluctuation analysis should be an important objective of analytical chemistry. The results obtained with this laser beam technique should form a useful collection of data regarding fluctuation analysis of various objects.

情報知識学会誌, 1994, 4(1), 53-55

Mobility in Shogi Game&br
Natsuhiko Nagumo
Kanagawa Univ.

Shogi is Japanes representative of the family of chess games and that is extremely populer among all class of Japanes. Today a lot of engineers and scientists are interested in Shogi. They analyze many kinds of data in Shogi and make computer programs which we can play against. At some points Shogi is looks like chess, but at other points Shogi is much different from chess. Recently mobility of shogi was recognized considerably different from chess.

情報知識学会誌, 1994, 4(1), 57-61

Toward the Gateway Thesaurus System for Safety Research: For efficient accessing to safety information from a large number of databases
Tomonori Gotoh, Shizuo Fujiwara
Dept. of Information and Computer Science, Kanagawa University Hiratsuka-shi,Kanagawa, 259-12 Japan~

The Japan Society for Information and Knowledge Taitoh-ku, Tokyo c/o Toppan Printing Co.Ltd., 101 Japan

Abstract: The issue of safety has been widely studied in numerous fields,such as occupational safety,traffic safety, environmental problems, chemical safety, drug safety, and so on.It is therefore necessary to retrieve data from a large number of databases in these fields in order to collect safety information in interdisciplinary fields. However, it is difficult to comprehensively gather safety information because of difference between keyword system maintained by each database. The Gateway thesaurus system for safety research has been under developing, in order to innovationally improve the efficiency of retrieval from a number of online databases with respect to safety issues. The system is constructed by two components, i.e. the knowledge base and the user interface. This paper describes the design concepts and outline of these systems.

情報知識学会誌, 1994, 4(1), 63-66

TELECOMMUNICATION NETWORKS FOR SPECIALISTS IN ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS BELONG TO GOVERNMENT AND LOCAL COVERNMENTS
Masayuki KUNUGI and Takeshi NAKANO†
National Institute for Environmental Studies, Onogawa, Tsukuba, 305, Japan
†The Environmental Science Institute of Hyogo Prefecture, Suma, Kobe, 654, Japan

We are investigating telecommunications network for environmental specialists belong to government and local governments. This network is constructed in Nifty-Serve that is one of the major telecommunication networks in Japan. Now, more than forty local governments join in. We are exchanging environmental information, presenting report, collecting freewares and public domain data in this network.

情報知識学会誌, 1994, 4(1), 69-75

Chemical Substance Information Access System Based on Personal Computer Planned by Kawasaki City Local Government
Namiko Hirayama†, Tsutomu Yokota††, Shigeru Suzuki†††
†Plannning Office of Planning & Finance Bureau
††Pollution Control Department of Environmental Conservation Bureau
†††Kawasaki Municipal Research Institute for Environmental Protection of Environmental Conservation Bureau Kawasaki City Office, 1, Miyamoto-cho, Kawasaki-ku, Kawasaki, Kanagawa, 210, Japan

The Purpose of making a chemical substance information access system is handing and controlling toxic chemicals. The system hard ware consists of host computer (IBM PC/AT compatible machine) , terminal computers, modems and some peripherals. information of chemicals are received through the three process. The first is user's access to the host computer and checking on the table for searching. The second is access of the host computer to data bases and automatic down loading. The third is editing files down loaded and making reports to user. The users supported by this system are now only Kawasaki City officials, but it may be possible for the citizens in Kawasaki City and other peoples to use it in the future.

情報知識学会誌, 1994, 4(1), 79-85

Determination of Trace Elements in River Arakawa
Hisatake NARASAKI
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Saitama University, Shim-Okubo, URAWA, 338 JAPAN

The river stems from a mountain, runs through the land and flows in the sea. She covers the area of the mountain side, that of the agricultural field and that of the city which is crowded by the people. The function is important for the sustenance of the good life of people of good quality, because the river water in the country side area works as the source of the ground water which is used in the daily life, and works in the agricultural field as that of the irrigation water for the rice and vegetables. Moreover, in the modern days, the river has a key function in the city life as the source of tap water. Accordingly, the data on the quality of the river water are the controls of great importance for the human activities of modern days. How we can meet this condition of the river? We should recognize the river as a system of imformation, where creation of information (data production), data accumlation, where creation of information (data production), data accumlation, then networking of those data must be formulated as a system. For data creation, information scientists should join and work. Top level work in the experimental science is needed for data creation. Patient and enormous efforts are also necessary for accumlation of the data. This report will call the attention of the information sicentists for the fact that the subject of the experimental science needs the eyes of information scientists. Human lives of modern time hold the danger of having hazardous chemical substances in water which needs chronological monitoring. But, first of all, the methods of measurement of those substances with the highest sensitivity and accuracy must be invented, and then this method must be applied in reality.This paper will report the results of the invention of the method and application of the said metod for six monitoring sites of the river. As a matter of the future problem, the on-line base date access and the networking of those moniroring stations must be materialized, although some experimental stations are already being built in this country. This paper will be presented as an example which refers to the importance of the eyes to see the river as an informaiton system which bridges multiphases of the madern lives.

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