情報知識学会誌, Vol. 14, No. 2

情報知識学会誌, 2004, 14(2), 1-4

印刷物によるバリアフリー・コミュニケーション・システムの新しい試み
New Approach to Barrier-Free Communication Using Paper Print
(株)廣済堂 深見拓史
Kosaido, Takushi FUKAMI

Abstract In Japan, there has recently been an increasing interest in health, home care and welfare, as we enter into a society occupied by more and more elderly people and a smaller number of younger citizens. The Japanese government and the administrative divisions of Japan, including Tokyo, Hokkaido, Osaka, Kyoto and all the prefectures, have been adopting many kinds of health and welfare policies. As one such policy, the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare designated an instrument for blind people and elderly people as a "daily life tool" in April 2003. This instrument translates information printed on paper to voice reading. The Ministry's policy and the associated budget will enable blind people to purchase the instrument with very little cost. Our company developed this instrument, called "SPEECHIO." as well as the new software that converts text to two-dimensional symbol named "SP-CODE." The SPEECHIO reads SP-CODE and changes text into voice reading automatically. We believe thig new barrier-free communication system will greatly help blind people and old-aged people who have difficulties in reading small prints. In this article, I describe this system and our ongoing and future ,activities with the system.

情報知識学会誌, 2004, 14(2), 5-8

学術データ・データベースと知的財産権
Academic Data, Databases and Intellectual Property Rights
長塚 隆
Takashi Nagatsuka
鶴見大学 文学部ドキュメント学科
Dept. of Library,Archival and Information Studies,School of Literature,Tsurumi University

Abstracts: The rapid advances in digital technologies and networks have radically altered and improved the ways that data can be produced and used in science. The public domain information is defined as sources and types of data and information whose uses are not restricted by intellectual property or other statutory regimes and that are accordingly available to the public for use without authorization or restriction. It is increasing the pressure between the need of science for the free flows of data and information, and the considerations of the intellectual property rights with regards to the same data and information under the digital network environment. It is discussed in the case of the Global Biodiversity Information as the one of academic data and databases how to implicate the intellectual property rights on the databases. The EC Database Directive 1996 is created by a two-tier structure of intellectual property protection for original databases through copyright, and a new sui generis right for other unoriginal databases. In the United States, the bill named the Database and Collections of Information Misappropriation Act of 2003 (H.R.3261) is now in the process of legislation on the Congress. Where access to information is at issue, it would be necessary to introduce the new model of database rights as balanced with the free flows of academic data and databases in Japan.

情報知識学会誌, 2004, 14(2), 9-12

科研費分野変更に伴う情報学分野の変遷マッピング
Mapping of Information Science Fields with Change of Grants-in-Aid Research Field Classification
西澤 正己, 孫 媛
Masaki NISHIZAWA, Yuan SUN

Classification of research fields for the Grants-in-Aid application has been changed a great deal since 2003 fiscal year. Changes in the interdisciplinary and new area are marked especially. It is interesting to find out where the usual research fields are moved to in the new classification. In this study, we focus on Information Science fields which were extended from the three to 11 research fields, and investigate which new research fields have strong relationship with and how they are located in the usual three Information Science fields by making use of those continuing adoption research started before 2002 and by analyzing keywords of research themes as well.

情報知識学会誌, 2004, 14(2), 13-16

共通データ記述形式による材料情報の相互利用
Sharing of materials information by common data description form
芳須 弘, 山崎 政義, 原田 幸明, 藤田 充苗, 中田 毅
Hiroshi YOSHIZU, Masayoshi YAMAZAKI, Kohemei HALADA, Mitsutane FUJITA and Takeshi NAKATA

 

情報知識学会誌, 2004, 14(2), 17-20

情報資源共有におけるOAI-PMHの適用とその可能性
Application of OAI-PMH to Information Resource Sharing
宇陀 則彦, 吉丸 和孝
Norihiko UDA and Kazutaka YOSHIMARU

本研究は情報資源共有における「メタデータハーベステイングプロトコル(Open Archives InitiativeProtocol for Metadata Harvesting:OAI−PMH)」の適用とその可能性について論じる。OAI−PMHは分散化が進む学術分野における情報資源のメタデータをシステム間で共有するための技術基盤である。同プロトコルは相互運用性の補完を意図したフレームワークであり、メタデータを共有することにより相互の情報資源に対するアクセシビリティを確保する。本研究では、実際にOAI・PMHを用いてネットワーク上に公開された複数の情報資源のメタデータを収集し、横断検索するシステムを構築することで、情報資源共有への応用可能性について考察した。

This paper describes application of Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting: OAI-PMH to information resource sharing. OAI-PMH provides an application-independent interoperability framework to share metadata among information service systems. OAI-PMH allows users to have seamless access to the information resource on the Internet. In this study, an integrated information retrieval system of metadata which was harvested from other systems based on OAI-PMH was constructed.

情報知識学会誌, 2004, 14(2), 21-24

資料情報活用のための支援システムの開発・研究 -考古資料情報を例として-
関 雄二, 八重樫 純樹
Yuji Seki, Junki Yaegashi

In recent years, an information technology has been progressed. And our country is establishing to a highly information-oriented society. Then, the support system to information practical use is aimed to build for personal-use. However, in a meaning of making good use of material information, there are still many inadequate systems. Then, this paper considers the development technique and the state of the support system which surround material information by making into an example the database application system which supports archaeological data research.

情報知識学会誌, 2004, 14(2), 25-32

教育の質的改善を目的としたe−ラーニングの研究動向
Trend of research in e-learning for the purpose of education quality improvement
桑原 恒夫
Tsuneo KUWABARA
神奈川大学 理学部情報科学科
Department of Information Science, Faculty of Science. Kanagawa University

Abstract: There exist two types of e-Iearning systems. One of them aims to improve the education efficiency. Distance lecture system and WBT(Web Based Training) belong to this type. In these systems, interaction between educators and learners become lower than in the conventional classroom teaching. Therefore, these systems cannot improve the education qualities. The other aims to improve the education qualities. The e-learning systems in this type, which are newly developed, notify the educators of the learners' conditions in real-time and support educators' activities. One of these systems automatically lectures using WBT and notifies the educators of the stalled learners and their learning data (exercise answers and questions). Depend on these data, educators concentrate on the education to each stalled learner. Another system is used for the lecture for large number of learners. This system notifies an educator of the learners exercise advance in real-time. Depend on the data, the educator judges if he gives advises to the learners and if he explains the next item. The e-learning systems have another merit that educators can improve the education methods by analyzing the accumulated education log. As this field is on the way of development, future study is anticipated.

情報知識学会誌, 2004, 14(2), 33-36

特許文献からの医学用語階層関係の抽出
Extraction of Medical Terms Hierachical Relationships in Patent Document
Daisuke ISHIKAWA, Takayuki MORIMOTO, Hidehiro ISHIZUKA, Norihiko UDA, Yuzuru FUJIWARA

A method in an innovation and effects caused by it are described in patent document. We regard the method-caused effect as casual relationship and consider it available to construct creativity support system, therefore we have extracted some casual relationships. In the future, we try integrating hirearchial relationships into casual relationships to construct function of analogical reasoning. Therefore, in this work, we extracted hierachical relationships from patent documents, especially selecting medical field as extracting target.

情報知識学会誌, 2004, 14(2), 37-40

専門語を含むデータ検索における辞書の有用性 -アジア歴史資料辞書その編纂作業から運用まで-
Usability of JACAR Dictionary for Historical Records Database Search From its Compilation to Application-
牟田 昌平†, 小林 昭夫††
Shohei Muta, Akio Kobayashi
†独立行政法人国立公文書館 アジア歴史資料センター, ††総合研究開発機構(NIRA)政策研究情報センター
Japan Center for Asian Historical Records,National Archives of Japan, Akio Kobayashi, National Institute for Research Advancement(NIRA)

Abstract: Free term searches is one of the most effective ways to search text data. However, it is difficult to search fore specialized texts such as historical official records, in which there are many specialized terms different from currently used. It is also difficult to compile a thesarus, which covers all diversified historical terms. This paper proposes one solution using a speacialized dictionary compiled for the Japan Center for Asian Historical Records.

情報知識学会誌, 2004, 14(2), 42-44

階層構造を有する知識構造に対する仮想3次元表示の実行時間の計測
Mesurement of Execution Time of Virtual 3D Visualization for a Lexical Knowledge Base with Hierarchical Structures
湊辺 基広, 水越 大介, 後藤 智範
神奈川大学 理学部

抄録:1990年代以降、複雑なデータ構造をもつ様々な対象に対する情報視覚化の研究が盛んに行われるようになった。EDR電子辞書やNTT日本語語彙体系のような階層構造を有する大規模用語知識ベースを対象として、単一円錐モデルに基づく仮想3次元表示プログラムをJAVA3Dを用いて実装した。さらに表示用語総数に対する実行時間の計測を行った。描画対象オブジェクトの総数をnとすると、描画処理そのものは計測結果からO(n3)となることが判明した。プログラム言語の制約、仮想3次元描画対象としての用語知識ベースの特性から、高速化の可能性について議論した。

情報知識学会誌, 2004, 14(2), 45-48

考古資料情報のXML記述とその応用に関する事例研究
Experimental Study of XML Description of Archeological Information and its Application to Web Data Base System
小笠原 和慶, 八重樫 純樹
Kazuyoshi Ogasahara, Jyunki Yaegashi
静岡大学 大学院情報学研究科

Abstract This paper shows an example of converting XML from RDB data technique as archeological information. In addition. it shows the technique of developing Web-DB application that used XML as an example of application of the XML data.

情報知識学会誌, 2004, 14(2), 49-52

情報システム利用者におけるSmall World構造の検証
Analysis of social network in campus computer system
堀 幸雄, 米倉正和
Yukio HORI, Yonekura MASAKAZU

本稿はUNIXワークステーションのアカウンティング情報を用いて利用者のネットワーク構造を抽出する手法について述べ,得られた大学生計算機利用者の人間関係の特性について考察する.情報システムというように「人」が主役の場では人の関係が重要である.例えば,初対面の人と会った場合には,自分とその人とのつながりや,趣味,共通の知人などが分かれば,コミュニケーションがよりスムーズに進むと考えられる.このように情報システム利用者の社会ネットワークは非常に重要な情報のひとつであると考えられるが,これまで情報支援の研究において着目されることは少なかった.これは利用者のネットワーク構造を情報システムが獲得することが困難であるめであると考えられる.本稿の手法を用いた結果、大学生の人間関係は任意の二者間の平均経路長が2.95人であるスモールワールドネットワークの特徴を持つことがわかった。

In this paper, we propose to extract the socail network of participants from the information system using their accounting records. We discuss the social network feature. In an enviroment of information system, it is desirable to provide a user with information depending on a user's situation, such as time, location, user behavior, and social context. Since such information was difficult to gain from system, it was rate to be used. We also discuss the analysis of social network in the campus computer system.

情報知識学会誌, 2004, 14(2), 53-56

遺伝子の並び順から種の出現順序を推定する方法
A Method for lnferring Species Branching-Orders based on Gene-Order Comparison
国沢 隆
Takashi Kunisawa
東京理科 大学理学部
Sci. Univ. Tokyo

Abstract The availability of complete genomic sequence data allows one to develop new methods of reconstructing phylogenetic trees. A simple method of reconstructing branching orders based on gene transposition (or lateral transfer) is presented. It is shown that specific gene arrangements on four different genomes could determine a branching order. A computer search for such gene arrangements was carried out against gene order data of the completely sequenced Gram-positive bacteria, and the results will be discussed.

情報知識学会誌, 2004, 14(2), 57-60

花園村遠隔介護システムの構築
Remote Home Care System in an Underpopulated Area
宮本 浩伸†, 岡本 結宇††, 小脇 亮平††, 吉廣 卓哉††, 堀内 恵美子†††, 中川優††
Hironobu Miyamoto, Yuu Okamoto, Ryohei Kowaki, Takuya Yoshihiro, Emiko Horiuchi, Maseru Nakagawa
†和歌山大学大学院システム工学研究科, ††和歌山大学システム工学部, †††和歌山県医科大学看護短期大学部

Abstract. We developed a remote aged care system for Hanazono village which is one of the typical underpopulated villages in Japan. In many of such depopulated villages, there is the problem that the number of visiting nurses who provide aged care services is not enough. As a result, visiting nurses can visit aged people not so often (it might be once a week or so), and hence aged people is easy to lose their health. To improve this situation, our system helps visiting nurses get hold of the health condition of aged people by showing the information of their daily health condition which is input everyday by aged people at their own houses. Here, to make a easy input operation even for aged people, we use L-mode terminals at each house and design easy-to-operate Web pages which are accessed by the terminal. We further performed a test operation of our system in Hanazono village and confirmed the effectiveness of our system.

情報知識学会誌, 2004, 14(2), 61-66

日本文学国際共同研究プロジェクトの中間研究報告
An interim report on the project ICJS:International Collaboration for Japanese literary Studies
安永 尚志
Yasunaga Hisashi
大学共同利用機関法人 人間文化研究機構国文学研究資料館,国立大学法人 総合研究大学院 大学文化科学研究科日本文学研究専攻
National Institute of Japanese Literature and The Graduate University for Advanced Studies

Abstract We have presented the concept and planning of the project ICJS: International Collaboration for Japanese literary Studies, in the 10th annual conference of JSIK held on 2002 in Tokyo. The project has been started from 2001 as the five-years program, founded by the Grant-in-Aid Scientific Research (S). In this presentation we will generally report on the interim result for three years, and particularly focus on the new collaboration system through feasibility experiments. We are now in feasibility studies, an example of simultaneous searching using a Dublin Core meta-database system is shown as follows. The six databases are currently connected to the collaboration system at the NIJL: the microfilm resource directory (a catalog of the microfilm held at the Institute), the old Japanese book directory (a catalog of the manuscripts held at the Institute), the thesis directory (a directory of theses related to Japanese literary research), the historical material location directory (a directory of the places historical resources are held at the Institute), the image database (an image database of materials held at the Institute), and the moving picture database (performing arts video data). Then, we have been making arrangements expand and develop enlarge the system to Inter-university or Institute common collaboration system. For example, we will construct among the Institute such as National Museum of Japanese History, International Research Center for Japanese Studies, National Museum of Ethnology, The Historiographical Institute University of Tokyo, Osaka City University and Kyoto University. At the next stage we will be connecting to Italy, France, U.K. U.S., etc.

最終更新日: 2011-02-18 (金) 13:25:28

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